Diversity is Canada’s Greatest Strength
Canada Day is both a reflection and celebration at the same time. It’s an opportunity to not only celebrate the great aspects of our land mass above the 49th parallel, but also an opportunity to challenge fellow Canadians in general to do better in future. It’s a time to build Canada up, to address reconciliation, to address inequalities, not by canceling or tearing Canada down, but recommitting to the principles at the core of our amazing Great White North.
Canada, the world’s second-largest country after Russia stretching over 9.9 million square kilometres. The indigenous peoples, largely First Nations, Inuit and Métis are recognized in the Canadian Constitution.
Canadian Independence from the British
The autonomous Dominion of Canada, a confederation of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the future provinces of Ontario and Quebec, is officially recognized by Great Britain with the passage of the British North America Act. July 1 will later become known as Canada Day.
During the 19th century, colonial dependence gave way to increasing autonomy for a growing Canada. In 1841, Upper and Lower Canada—now known as Ontario and Quebec—were made a single province by the Act of Union. In the 1860s, a movement for a greater Canadian federation grew out of the need for a common defense, the desire for a national railroad system, and the necessity of finding a solution to the problem of French and British conflict. When the Maritime provinces, which sought union among themselves, called a conference in 1864, delegates from the other provinces of Canada attended. Later in the year, another conference was held in Quebec, and in 1866 Canadian representatives traveled to London to meet with the British government.
On July 1, 1867, with passage of the British North America Act, the Dominion of Canada was officially established as a self-governing entity within the British Empire. Two years later, Canada acquired the vast possessions of the Hudson’s Bay Company, and within a decade the provinces of Manitoba and Prince Edward Island had joined the Canadian federation. In 1885, the Canadian Pacific Railway was completed, making mass settlement across the vast territory of Canada possible. Canada Day is a time to reflect on historical and contemporary points of dispute between Indigenous people and Canada
National Indigenous Peoples Day
On June 21, we additionally commemorate National Indigenous Peoples Day to recognize the history, heritage and diversity of First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples in Canada. Get more information on National Indigenous Peoples Day